Date of this Version
IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 13, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2013
For time-harmonic motions, we generalize a 2-D scalar differential equation derived previously by Tiersten for slowly-varying thickness-shear vibrations of AT-cut quartz resonators. The purpose of the generalization is to include the effects of surface acoustic impedance from, e.g., mass layers or fluids for sensor applications. In addition to the variation of fields along the plate thickness, which is considered in the usual 1-D acoustic wave sensor models, the equation obtained also describes in-plane variations of the fields, and therefore can be used to study the vibrations of finite plate sensors with edge effects. The equation is compared with the theory of piezoelectricity in the special cases of acoustic waves and pure thickness vibrations in unbounded plates. An example of a finite rectangular plate is also given.