Date of this Version
Lewis, T.E., and R.D. Slack. Whooping cranes and human disturbance: an historical perspective and literature review. In: Folk, MJ and SA Nesbitt, eds. 2008. Proceedings of the Tenth North American Crane Workshop, Feb. 7-10, 2006, Zacatecas City, Zacatecas, Mexico: North American Crane Working Group. pp. 3-6.
Whooping cranes (Grus americana) generally are not tolerant of human disturbance. Much anecdotal evidence in the literature and recent studies has shown that human disturbances cause aversive behavior in whooping cranes. Herein, we review and summarize the long history of acceptance by researchers and managers that human disturbance impacts whooping cranes and support actions to minimize human disturbance to this critically endangered species.