Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version

September 1998


Published in J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16„5…, Sep/Oct 1998. ©1998 American Vacuum Society. Permission to use.


The surface of the complex oxides, in particular the manganese perovskites, is dominated by a different free enthalpy at the surface. This can be demonstrated by surface segregation after annealing the samples. By comparing relative x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy intensities of the manganese perovskite La1-xCaxMnO3 (x=0.1, 0.35) for different emission angles, the profile of elemental concentration was determined. Analysis shows evidence for pronounced surface segregation of calcium. Our results suggest that there are strong differences between surface and bulk enthalpies without segregation or surface relaxation. This is consistent with the previously observed surface resonance in the electronic band structure.

Included in

Physics Commons