Date of this Version
Perioperative Nursing Clinics 7 (2012) 343–353; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpen.2012.06.006
- The needs of the health care system and expectations of health care consumers can be met by an exceptionally trained Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN): the clinical nurse specialist (CNS).
- However, role confusion related to the CNS, by developing competing roles that do not have APRN privileges, has created challenges for current and future CNSs to overcome.
- CNSs in the United States have consistently documented outcomes including improved quality of care, decreased costs, and improved patient satisfaction.