Date of this Version
Pine voles have always been a problem in a few orchards in Eastern New York. In the past the vole population was controlled with Endrin, and damage to trees, although significant, was tolerable. From 1970 to 1972 more and more complaints were heard from growers concerning Pine vole damage to apple trees. Apparently as vole populations increased and damage became more serious, the word spread among growers and an awareness within the fruit growing community concerning the pine vole problem was generated. It is interesting to note that during this period when pine voles population seem to increase, Endrin was placed on the New York State Restricted use list, and the use of lead arsenic, a pesticide that seems to be toxic to these pests, was terminated.