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The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act broadly encompasses, " any substance or mixture of substances intended for pre¬ venting, destroying, repelling, or mitigating...." a pest. The act includes devices as well as chemicals used in the control of pests. It is the responsibility of the manufacturer to provide authoritative evidence of the efficacy and safety of his pesticide product. Within the scope of these four brief excerpts from the act there is much about which personnel engaged in research and development of vertebrate pest control products should be informed. As stated, the coverage of the act is very complete, omitting no form of mammal, bird, amphibian, reptile, or fish whether they be wild or domestic. The chemical or device used need not be lethal or injurious to the target species and thus includes toxic agents, irritants, repellents based on odor or taste, repellents based on mechanical action such as tacky or resistant films, anesthetizing chemicals, chemosterilants, fumigants, and energy wave lengths including sound, light, and super-sonic.