Date of this Version
Polli, E. G., Alves, G. S., Gizotti de Moraes, J., & Kruger, G. R. (2022). Influence of surfactant-humectant adjuvants on physical properties, droplet size, and efficacy of glufosinate formulations. Agrosyst Geosci Environ, 5:e20230. https://doi.org/10.1002/agg2.20230
Glufosinate efficacy is inconsistent among weed species and under environmental conditions that favor rapid droplet drying. Surfactant-humectant adjuvants could maximize glufosinate efficacy by increasing wetting and penetration into the leaf surface while decreasing evaporation rate (ER). However, there is a lack of information in the literature about the interaction of surfactant-humectants adjuvants with glufosinate. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of surfactanthumectant adjuvants on the physical properties, droplet size, and efficacy of two glufosinate formulations. Laboratory, greenhouse, and field studies were conducted at the Pesticide Application Technology Laboratory of the University of Nebraska- Lincoln. Treatment design was a 2 × 5 factorial with two glufosinate formulations combined with five adjuvant treatments plus an untreated control. Density and viscosity of glufosinate solutions mostly increased with the addition of adjuvants. However, the influence of the adjuvants on dynamic surface tension (dST), static contact angle (sCA), and evaporation rate (ER) varied by glufosinate formulation, adjuvant, and relative humidity (RH). Under greenhouse conditions, an improvement in efficacy by adding adjuvants was mainly observed for Interline solutions. The addition of adjuvants to Interline solutions increased biomass reduction up to 19 and 35% for common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) and kochia [Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott], respectively. Also, some of the adjuvants presented null or antagonistic influence on herbicide efficacy. No increase in control, biomass reduction, and mortality of horseweed (Erigeron canadensis L.) and Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson) was observed with the use of adjuvants under field conditions. Herbicide-adjuvant-plant-environment interaction is complex. Thus, the use of surfactant-humectant adjuvants may not increase herbicide efficacy.