Agronomy and Horticulture Department


Date of this Version



Published in Theoretical and Applied Genetics (1986) 73: 2-3.


Flag leaves of 'Colman' forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) contain at least 25 times as much leucoanthocyanidin (LAC) and approximately half as much of the cyanogenic glucoside, dhurrin, as do flag leaves of 'White Collier' forage sorghum. Assays of flag leaves from 119 F2 plants and 11 F, lines from crosses between these two cultivars revealed a statistically significant negative association between levels of LAC and dhurrin. Both LAC and dhurrin are aromatic compounds, and the negative association between the two may be the result of competition for intermediates or products of the aromatic biosynthetic pathway. This rationale appears to be quite different from that for the negative association reported for levels of tannin and cyanide in Lotus corniculatus. Although the negative relationship between LAC and dhurrin in sorghum was statistically significant, the association was not consistent enough to suggest that either trait could be used reliably in selecting or breeding to modify the other trait.