Agronomy and Horticulture Department


Date of this Version



Journal of Plant Nutrition 33 (2010), pp. 1819–1834; doi: 10.1080/01904167.2010.503831


Copyright © 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Used by permission.


Our objectives were to document effects of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) fertilizer rates on forage yields and uptake of N, P, and K by Midland bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] on a Minco fine, sandy loam in southern Oklahoma. After six years of this long-term experiment, forage yield responses to fertilization were mixed and depended on year. Stability analysis indicated forage yields responded positively to N fertilization during favorable weather conditions but negatively during poor weather conditions. Application of 112 kg N ha−1 provided the best yield stability and mean annual forage yield among treatments, 11.5 Mg ha−1, across years. In years with near-average weather conditions, uptake of N, P, and K increased linearly with N application rate. Limited water holding capacity of the soil and high soil P and K may have contributed to the limited yield responses to fertilization in this semi-arid environment.