Agronomy and Horticulture Department


Date of this Version



Weed Science, 1996. Volume 44:52-56;


A. simulation model of rice-barnyardgrass competition for light was used for two management applications. First simulations using47 weather data sets from four locations in Asia were conducted to evaluate the influence of weather variation on single year economic threshold densities of barnyardgrass. Second rapid leaf area expansion and leaf area index were evaluated as potential indicators of improved rice competitiveness and tolerance to barnyardgrass. Influence of weather variation on single year economic thresholds was small under the assumption that competition was for light only. Increasing early leaf area expansion rate reduced simulated barnyardgrass seed production and increased single year economic thresholds, suggesting that the use of competitive rice cultivars may reduce the need for chemical weed control. The model predicted that rice leaf area index 70 to 75 d after planting was a good indicator of early leaf area expansion rate. Nomenclature: Barnyardgrass, Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.,# 3 ECHCG; rice, Oryza sativa L. 'IR72.'