Date of this Version
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106:4 (February 2003), pp. 615–619
Increasing the stearic acid content to improve soybean [Glycine max (L) Merr] oil quality is a desirable breeding objective for food-processing applications. Although a saturated fatty acid, stearic acid has been shown to reduce total levels of blood cholesterol and offers the potential for the production of solid fat products (such as margarine) without hydrogenation. This would result in the reduction of the level of trans fat in food products and alleviate some current health concerns. A segregating F2 population was developed from the cross between Dare, a normal stearic acid content cultivar, and FAM94-41, a high stearic acid content line. This population was used to assess linkage between the Fas locus and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Three SSR markers, Satt070, Satt474, and Satt556, were identified to be associated with stearic acid (P < 0.0001, r2 > 0.61). A linkage map consisting of the three SSR markers and the Fas locus was then constructed in map order, Fas, Satt070, Satt474, and Satt556, with a LOD score of 3.0. Identification of these markers may be useful in molecular marker-assisted breeding programs targeting modifications in soybean fatty acids.