American Judges Association


Date of this Version

December 2005


Published in Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association, 41:3-4 (2005), pp. 54-64. Copyright © 2005 National Center for State Courts. Used by permission. Online at


The final panel discussion at the National Forum on Judicial Independence was moderated by Jack Ford, host of the syndicated Public Broadcasting System program, Inside the Law. The discussion explores topics of judicial independence in a manner designed for use with the public at large and formed the basis for the onehour PBS program, “Judicial Independence: The Freedom to Be Fair.” Panelists were Leo Bowman, chief judge of the District Court in Pontiac, Michigan, Kevin Burke, district judge and former chief judge of the Hennepin County (Minn.) District Court, Michael Cicconetti, judge of the Painesville (Ohio) Municipal Court, Malcolm Feeley, professor of law at the University of California- Berkeley, Steve Leben, district judge in Johnson County, Kansas, Michael R. McAdam, a judge and former presiding judge on the Kansas City (Mo.) Municipal Court, Gayle Nachtigal, circuit court judge in Washington County, Oregon, Tam Nomoto Schumann, superior court judge in Orange County, California, and William C. Vickrey, state court administrator in California. The National Forum on Judicial Independence was supported by a generous grant from the Joyce Foundation of Chicago, Illinois.

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