Antarctic Drilling Program


Date of this Version



Citation: Villa, G., C. Lupi, M. Cobianchi, F. Florindo, and S.F. Pekar (2007), A Pleistocene Warming Event at 1 Ma in Prydz Bay, East Antarctica: Evidence from ODP Site 1165: in Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World – Online Proceedings of the 10th ISAES, edited by A.K. Cooper and C.R. Raymond et al., USGS Open-File Report 2007-1047, Extended Abstract 205, 5 p.


Magneto-stratigraphic and nannofossil assemblage data from ODP Site 1165 evidence an anomalous warming event of the surface waters in and around Prydz Bay during the Early Pleistocene. This results from an increase in the abundance of nannofossils at Site 1165, that occurred at 1 Ma. High-resolution sampling permits a new bio-magnetostratigraphic interpretation for ODP Site 1165. A decrease in δ18O values at Sites 1165 and 1167 also occurs at this time, supporting the presence of warming conditions in the Prydz Bay area. A return to colder surface waters, indicated by the absence or rare occurrence of nannofossils in the upper cores from Site 1165, suggests that more stable glacial conditions existed in the Prydz Bay basin for the last 900 ka. These new evidences call for a re-evaluation of the notion that the East Antarctic Ice Sheet has experienced stable conditions similar to today since the late Neogene.