Anthropology, Department of


Date of this Version



Article title: What can GIS + 3D mean for Landscape Archaeology?
Article reference: YJASC4712
Journal title: Journal of Archaeological Science
Corresponding author: Dr. Heather Richards-Rissetto
First author: Dr. Heather Richards-Rissetto
Final version published online: 31-Jul-2017
Full bibliographic details: Journal of Archaeological Science 84C (2017) pp. 10-21
DOI information: 10.1016/j.jas.2017.05.005


Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. Used by permission.


Until recently Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have held center stage in the archaeologist's geospatial toolkit, and there is no doubt that archaeologists have moved beyond the mapdbut into what? In the early years, criticisms voicing GIS as environmentally-deterministic were abundant. What methods and tool have archaeologists used to overcome these criticisms? New geospatial technologies such as airborne lidar and aerial photogrammetry are allowing us to acquire inordinate amounts of georeferenced 3D datad but do these 3D technologies help overcome criticisms of environmental determinism? TogetherdGIS þ 3Dd can link georeferenced 3D models to underlying data adding a ground-based humanistic perspective lacking in the bird's eye view of traditional GIS. This paper situates GIS and 3D within a semiotic framework to offer some ideas on using 3DGIS to intertwine environmental and cultural factors to work toward new approaches for landscape archaeology.