Anthropology, Department of


Date of this Version

November 1975


Published in American Ethnologist 2:4 (Sex Roles in Cross-Cultural Perspective issue, November 1975), pp. 602–616. Published by Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the American Anthropological Association; copyright © 1975 American Anthropological Association. Used by permission.


This paper suggests that sex differences in the behavior of children exist but are not necessarily intensified under certain cultural conditions. Under conditions of culture change to a sedentary economy, certain elements of male and female differentiated behavior are exploited in the process of increasing sex differentiation.

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