Durham School of Architectural Engineering and Construction


Date of this Version



2011 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), doi: 10.1109/VPPC.2011.6043187


Copyright IEEE 2011. Used by permission.


The increasing awareness for a cleaner earth has created more interests in the electric vehicle (EV) technology. Electric vehicles (EVs) will not only cause a reduction in our current greenhouse gas emissions, but also stop or reverse the trend at which our natural resources are being depleted. However, the introduction of the EVs into our societies will still require energy usage in the form of electricity. Integration of charging infrastructures will eventually be required in the built environment for these vehicles. This will add to the current energy consumption in the built environment which will mean more emission of CO2, NO2 etc., in the electrical power generation process. Therefore, this research looks at reducing energy wastage as a way of saving energy for the future integration of EVs into the built environment.