Durham School of Architectural Engineering and Construction


Study on Thermal Performance of Micro-Channel Separate Heat Pipe for Telecommunication Stations : Experiment and Simulation

Date of this Version



International Journal of Refrigeration 59 (2015) 198–209.



© 2015 Elsevier Ltd and International Institute of Refrigeration.

Link is to ScienceDirect site.


A micro-channel separate heat pipe (MCSHP) as a cooling device for telecommunication stations (TSs) was experimentally investigated in this work.A steady-state mathematical model was built and validated with experimental data. The cooling capacity, inlet and outlet of refrigerant temperatures and refrigerant pressure of evaporator section were measured in an enthalpy difference laboratory (EDL).The average relative errors between simulation and experiment were less than 10%. The effects of geometrical design and environment conditions on thermal performance were analyzed using the validated model. As a result of the simulations, the refrigerant side pressure drop decreased by 96.61% at the flat tube height 3.0 mm compared to 1.4 mm. And the air side pressure drop decreased by 94.49%, when fin height ranged from 4 mm to 20 mm. The cooling capacity increased by 50.65% at the fin pitch 3.0 mm compared to 1.0 mm. These factors were of practical engineering importance in optimum design of MCSHP.