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Thesis (M.A.)—University of Nebraska—Lincoln, 1948. Department of History.


Copyright 1948, the author. Used by permission.


In this study, attention is called to the condition of the cultivated and once cultivated soil of the United States after it had been exploited by white people for only a few hundred years.Also, attention is brought to the reaction that soil conservation survey reports, given during the period of the 1930s, had upon leaders of the nation, especially our Congressmen.The state of the soil as given in these survey reports is practically the same today, expect that a broad program of soil conservation is now in the early stages of practice.

Soil conservation means more than merely the practice of terracing and contour farming or other methods to prevent the top soil form being removed by wind and water.Soil conservation means the proper use and care of the land.It means using the land to produce the greatest amount of things most needed by the farmer, and at the same time protecting it so it will not lose its productiveness.Further, it means putting each piece of farm land to producing the crops that are most suited to grow.

Due to its importance, legislation was passed by Congress which contained specific provisions soil conservation.Later, the act of April, 1935, was created as the first federal law that dealt entirely with the matter of the preservation of soil and the prevention of its wastage.A Soil Conservation Service was enacted soon after.

This study attempts to emphasize the great importance of conserving and protecting our limited resource of soil.

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