Date of this Version
Kong Fanhao, The Diversity of Modern Urbanism: An International Comparative Study of Urban Space, 2018.
While industrialization and globalization are continuing to bridge cultural and geographical gaps on the earth, differences still exist. Today, Developing countries are undergoing massive urban transition; and the transition appears to pursue the path of developed countries. However, the belief that global paths of urbanism will converge into one road is not convincing. Many studies on urbanism have been discussed in the past. However, these studies are mainly focused on urban areas in developed countries, mostly located in North America and Europe. In the last ten years, researchers have done more studies in developing areas, especially in East Asia. Though the study of urban issues in developing countries is still basic and rough, the uniqueness of the massive urban transition in developing regions is beginning to emerge. The differences of urban space in East Asian, Europe, and America is becoming much clearer; however, very few study have analyzed these dissimilarities with a global scope. The purpose of this paper is to explore the nature of these dissimilarities. Using ArcGIS data-sets for global population count and man-made impervious surface, the study makes an international comparison of urban landscapes. In this paper, several values will be calculated and compared. Multi-distance spatial statistics and zonal statistics are applied as the analytical tools. This study gives a statistic evidence that there is diversity not uniformity in modern urbanism: 1. The disperse and low density American urban; 2. the clustered and high density Chinese urban; and 3. the clustered and medium density European urban.The significant differences in global urbanism may indicates the need for new directions for developed theories in the future.
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