Institut für Biologie der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg


Date of this Version


Document Type



Erforschung biologischer Ressourcen der Mongolei (2005) 9: 311-391.

Proceedings of the symposium ”Ecosystem Research in the Arid Environments of Central Asia: Results, Challenges, and Perspectives,” Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, June 23-24, 2004.

Ergebnisse der Mongolisch-Deutschen Biologischen Expeditionen seit 1962, No. 255.


Copyright 2005, Martin-Luther-Universität. Used by permission.


Here we present a detailed report on bird biodiversity of ecosystems along a North-South transect through Mongolia in 1997whic h serves as a guideline for further research projects and training for students in all Mongolian vegetation zones from northern steppes to southern deserts.

Two hundred fifty-five bird species were observed between 21st of July and 10th of August 1997. The main study sites were located in the North the Selenge-Orchon-basin with meadows and dune woodlands 15 km southern from Suchbaatar, the Middle Gobi-Aimag with desert steppes and sajrs (covered with Ulmus pumila) and in the Bordzongijn-gobi in the South including a landscape mosaic of desert and semidesert habitats.

Quantitative data of all observations regarding bird communities, population density, reproduction, ecology and taxonomy are summarized. The following bird families were noticed: Gaviidae (1), Podicipedidaa (4), Phalacrocoracidae (1), Ardeidae (1), Ciconiidae (1), Anatidae (21), Accipitridae (19), Falconidae (8),Phasianidae (2), Gruidae (1), Rallidae (6), Otidae (1), Charadriidae (6), Recurvirostridae (2), Scolopacidae (23), Laridae (6), Pteroclidae (1), Columbidae (6), Cuculidae (2), Strigidae (4), Caprimulgidae (1), Apodidae (3), Alcedinidae (1) Upupidae (1), Picidae (6), Hirundinidae (5), Alaudidae (7), Motacillidae (12), Troglodytidae (1), Prunellidae (3), Turdidae (21), Sylvidae (16), Muscicapidae (4), Aegithalidae (1), Paridae (5), Sittidae (1), Certhidae (1), Remizidae (1), Oriolidae (1), Laniidae (5), Corvidae (10), Sturnidae (3), Passeridae (5), Fringillidae (10), and Emberizidae (15).