Institut für Biologie der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg


Date of this Version


Document Type



Erforschung biologischer Ressourcen der Mongolischen Volksrepublik (1984) Band 4: 91-123.


Copyright 1984, Martin-Luther-Universität. Used by permission.


Flea fauna in Mongolia is relatively unknown though the publications dealing with this problem are not few. The p·apers until 1966 are concerning ma.inly the territories delimited by natural plagua focis. Only in later periods, simu ltaneously with the intensive zoological research of the whole territory of the Mongolian People's Republic, the more detailed research of flea fauna on the whole territory takes place. The systematic research began thanks to the Mongolian-German and MongolianHungarian expeditions, the members of which have collected considerable parasitological material covering the part of northern, eastern and western Mongolia. Since the year 1970 the Soviet-Mongolian academic expedition has been working on the territory of the Mongolian People's Republic, as well as the Complex Chubsugul Mongolian-Soviet expedition, in which the members of the Comenius University in Bratislava have been working since the year 1974.

On the basis of our own collections and the collections obtained from the Soviet-Mongolian academic expedition, from the Mongolian-German expedition, from the chair of Zoology Mongolian State University, from the Academy of science in Ulaan Baatar, and on the basis of literary data, on the territory of Mongolia there were recorded 157 species and subspecies of fleas. In future, many data (published) on the basis of single findings must be verified on some more materials from the viewpoint of progress in taxonomy in this group. There are concerned some species with cosmopolitan distribution (Xenopsylla cheopis, Ctenocephalides felis, Neopsylla teratura teratura, Rhadinopsylla li li, R. li ventricosa, subspecies Malaraeus penicilliger, Frontopsylla elata, Frontopsylla frontalis dubiosa, Citellophilus tesquorum mongolicus).

The checklist contains: the sequence number of the taxon, the name of the taxon, the list of the publications mentioning the species in question. The publications are numbered as in the bibliography. Later, the localities are alleged, where the ajmaks are marked by the Roman figures and the localities in different ajmaks marked by the Arabian figures. The division of ajmak and the localities are alleged on the map No. 1. The names of the localities are original Mongolian with the transcription into English.