Date of this Version
Erforschung biologischer Ressourcen der Mongolei (2012) band 12: 415-424.
In eastern Mongolia, a diploid close relative of the tetraploid (4x) crop species Allium tuberosum and its closest wild relative A. ramosum (4x) was found and characterized by karyotype analysis and with molecular marker techniques. An earlier analyses revealed A. ramosum to be sister of the crop but excluded it as its progenitor. At that time a putative diploid cytotype of A. ramosum was hypothesized as a potential progenitor taxon of the tetraploids. New phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences including the recently found cytotype (A. aff. tuberosum) together with A. tuberosum and A. ramosum accessions revealed a sister group relationship of both species, with A. aff. tuberosum having sequences very similar or identical with A. ramosum. Two fingerprint analyses (RAPD, SCoT) resulted in phylogenetic trees where aff. tuberosum grouped basal to A. ramosum, although the two taxa are morphologically and ecologically clearly differentiated. We conclude that East Mongolian aff. tuberosum is not the progenitor of A. tuberosum but that it might belong to a stock of ancient lineages that gave rise to both tetraploid taxa.
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