Papers in the Biological Sciences


Date of this Version



Published in Botanical Gazette, Vol. 73, No. 6 (June 1922), pp. 425-446.


The variability of Taraxacum has frequently been recorded in botanical literature without receiving much elucidation. It is less often an object of investigation than of conjecture and discussion. A few botanists have studied the effect of environmental factors upon Taraxacum, but their results have not cleared away taxonomic difficulties. Systematic botanists have either looked upon the variations in this genus as fluctuations or slight mutations, and then proceeded to lump or split as judgment might dictate. That life history exerts a profound influence upon form seems generally to have escaped attention.