Papers in the Biological Sciences


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Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (September 1887) 14(9): 189-191.


About half-way across the northern part of Nebraska, a few miles east of the 100th meridian, there is a very interesting botanical locality. A small stream starts at a point about twenty or twenty-five miles south of the Niobrara River, and runs northward through a deep and winding canyon to the river mentioned. The surrounding country is absolutely treeless. and the surface is in many places thrown up into rounded hills of what must have once been drifting sand. The canyon sides are very abrupt, and they descend in many places fully two hundred feet before the bottom is reached. The stream is known to the whites as Long Pine Creek, but to the Indians it was the Wasahancha, which signifies " where the pines extend far out." Both names refer to the pines which have here a station so far removed from the mountains as to have attracted the attention of the Indians, as well as the early white settlers.

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