Biological Systems Engineering


Date of this Version

December 2001


Published in Review of Agricultural Economics 23:2 (December 2001), pp. 473–491. Published on behalf of the American Agricultural Economics Association by Blackwell Publishing. Used by permission.


This paper presents the results from a survey of New York dairy farms that links manure management practices and farmer willingness to participate in voluntary environmental programs, focusing on those operations that are not automatically designated as Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations. A wide divergence is found between actual and recommended manure management practices on individual dairy farms (high), the apparent ability of farms to divert financial resources to environmental practices (mixed), and the willingness to participate in voluntary programs at various annual costs per cow (low). These findings have policy implications for the USDA/USEPA National Strategy for Animal Feeding Operations.