Biological Systems Engineering


Date of this Version



Published in APPLIED ENGINEERING in AGRICULTURE Vol. 3(2):November, 1987. Copyright © 1987 American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Used by permission.


Two modified-open-front non-mechanically ventilated farrowing houses with creep boxes were operated over a two year period. Annual energy requirements were in the range of 10.6 to 10.9 cents per crate per day. No adverse effects on pig performance were realized. In most instances pig performance exceeded national standards of excellent performance—survival rates in excess of 90% and 21-day pig weights of 5.9 to 6.8 kg (13 to 15 lb). The study verified that another alternative is available to producers who do not want additional mechanical equipment to operate and maintain.