Bureau of Sociological Research (BOSR)


Date of this Version

June 2005


Published in Social Science Research 34:2 (June 2005), pp. 357–383; doi 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2004.04.003 Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Inc. Used by permission. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0049089X


Past research has assessed gender differences in delinquency due to differential social controls, yet important questions remain regarding gender and social bonding. As much of this work was premised on Hirschi’s measurement of the social bond, we examine whether gender moderates two parts of the social bond: the measurement of the social bond and structural differences between the social bond and delinquency. Using multiple-group structural equation modeling, we find that neither the measures of the social bond nor their relationships with property crime are gender-specific. The structural relationship between the elements of the social bond and violent delinquency differs slightly for boys and girls. We discuss implications of this research for social control theory, measuring the social bond and for gender-specific theories of social bonding and control.

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