Brain, Biology and Behavior, Center for


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Published in final edited form as: Dev Neuropsychol. 2013 ; 38(5): 317–336. doi:10.1080/87565641.2013.799169. PMCID: PMC4361951 HHS Public Access


Copyright 2013 Taylor & Francis.


The effect of mild sleep restriction on cognitive functioning in young children is unclear, yet sleep loss may impact children's abilities to attend to tasks with high processing demands. In a preliminary investigation, six children (6.6 - 8.3 years of age) with normal sleep patterns performed three tasks: attention (“Oddball”), speech perception (conconant-vowel syllables) and executive function (Directional Stroop). Event-related potentials (ERP) responses were recorded before (Control) and following one-week of 1-hour per day of sleep restriction. Brain activity across all tasks following Sleep Restriction differed from activity during Control Sleep, indicating that minor sleep restriction impacts children's neurocognitive functioning.