Brain, Biology and Behavior, Center for


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Published in final edited form as: Dev Neuropsychol. 2013 ; 38(8): . doi:10.1080/87565641.2011.637589. PMCID: PMC3873727. NIH Public Access


Copyright 2013 Taylor & Francis.


Typically developing (TD) preschoolers and age-matched preschoolers with specific language impairment (SLI) received event-related potentials (ERPs) to four monosyllabic speech sounds prior to treatment and, in the SLI group, after 6 months of grammatical treatment. Before treatment, the TD group processed speech sounds faster than the SLI group. The SLI group increased the speed of their speech processing after treatment. Post-treatment speed of speech processing predicted later impairment in comprehending phrase elaboration in the SLI group. During the treatment phase, change in speed of speech processing predicted growth rate of grammar in the SLI group.