Educational Administration, Department of


Date of this Version



Tuliao, M.D. (2015, February). Human resource development and employment preparation of women refugees: An integrative literature review. Paper presented at the 2015 Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD) International Conference in the Americas, St. Louis, Missouri.


This paper explores the HRD and employment preparation of women refugees. As half of any refugee population, women refugees have the potential to greatly contribute to social and economic development of the country of their resettlement, but many remain unemployed or underemployed. The review of literature includes the effectiveness of available refugee employment services, crucial factors for employment, and the various challenges that women refugees face in employment preparation. Implications for HRD research and practice are discussed.