Department of Educational Administration


Date of this Version



Published in Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 2020

DOI: 10.1177/1555458920976718


Copyright © 2020 The University Council for Educational Administration; published by SAGE Publications. Used by permission.


School principals play a critical role in evaluating teachers and providing feedback, but high-stakes evaluation policies at the local and state levels can create ethical dilemmas for principals. In this case, an underresourced rural school principal has to report a certain number of “ineffective” teachers to meet a requirement from the district teacher evaluation, even though the principal does not think any teacher in his school deserves to receive an “ineffective” rating. This study can be used to help students unpack issues of dilemmas coming from consequential accountability policies that overlook the relational ethos of educators and leaders in school practice.