Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Research and Publications


Effect of Antibody Orientation on Immunosorbent Performance

Anuradha Subramanian, Department of chemical Engineering,University of Nebraska Lincoln.
William H. Velander, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Document Type Article

Originally published in the JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR RECOGNITION, VOL. 9,528-535 (1996): This article can be viewed at:


The impact of antibody orientation on immunosorbent efficiency was quantitatively assessed. A pH-dependent murine monoclonal antibody (Mab) against human protein C (hPC), recombinant hPC (rhPC) and two different immobilization chemistries and matrices were used as model systems. The lysyl groups of the rhPC were covalently modified with an acetic acid ester of N-hydroxysuccinimide and this modified rhPC was used as a Fab masking agent (FMA). The FMA was used to mask the antigen binding regions (Fab) of the Mab prior to and during covalent immobilization. Thereafter, the residual active sites of the support were inactivated and the FMA was removed. Mab was immobilizeed at low bead-averaged densities of about 0.4-1.1 mg Mab/mL matrix to minimize local density effects. Immunosorbents made using masked Mab (oriented coupling) gave antigen binding efficiencies (nAgo) f 4248% compared with 18-22% for those made by random coupling. The amount of (Fab), released from pepsin digestion of immuncsorbents was about --fold higher for matrices having been made with FMA-masked Mab relative to unmasked Mab. Thus, the (Fab), accessibility to pepsin correlates well with higher functional efficiency (nAJ and serves as a measure of orientation. In summary, at low Mab density and a 2:l molar rhPC to Mab binding stoichiometry, about 80% or more of the Mab randomly coupled through amino moieties was improperly oriented relative to oriented coupled Mab, which correlated with about 50% of lost Mab functionality upon immobilization