Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Research and Publications


Date of this Version



This paper was originally published in the Journal of"Benefication of Phosphates Technology and Sustainability" 51-60 ©2006 Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.


Sustainable development integrates economic, environmental and social considerations in order to improve the lives of the current generation and ensure that future generations will have adequate resources and opportunities. Sustainable mining is not a new approach or concept in resource consumption. It is a holistic approach for dealing with a complex, interlinked set of factors that determine the net societal worth of a project. A holistic approach to phosphate beneficiation gives us opportunities for the improvement of economic results through reactant and waste minimization. It also gives direction for continued research thrusts to solve the problems associated with the clay ponds and the reduction of potentially hazardous wastes.