Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Research and Publications


Date of this Version



This article was originally published in Macromolecular Symposia, 2003, Volume 200, Issue 1 , Pages 271 - 282 Published Online: 17 Oct 2003, Copyright © 2003 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim; DOI: 10.1002/masy.200351029


Chain topology, including branch node, chain link and cross-link dynamics that contribute to the number of elastically active strands and junctions, are calculated using purely deterministic derivations. Solutions are not coupled to population density distributions. An eigenzeit transformation assists in the conversion of expressions derived by chemical reaction principles from time to conversion space, yielding transport phenomena type expressions where the rate of change in the molar concentrations of branch nodes with respect to conversion is expressed as functions of the fraction of reactive sites on precursors and reactants. Analogies are hypothesized to exist in cross-linking space that effectively distribute branch nodes with i reacted moieties between cross-links having j bonds extending to the gel. To obtain solutions, reacted sites on nodes or links with finite chain extensions are examined in terms of stoichiometry associated with covalent bonding. Solutions replicate published results based on Miller and Macosko’s recursive procedure and results obtained from truncated weighted sums of population density distributions as suggested by Flory.