Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Research and Publications



Demirel 0000-0002-8183-0991

Date of this Version



International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer (2002) 45: 75-86


Copyright © 2001, Elsevier. Used by permission


Using published experimental data on the thermal conductivity, mutual diffusivity, and heats of transport, the degree of coupling between heat and mass flows has been calculated for binary and ternary nonideal liquid mixtures. The binary mixtures consist of two types: the first is six systems of six-to-eight-carbon straight and branched chain alkanes in chloroform and in carbon tetrachloride; and the second is mixtures of carbon tetrachloride with benzene, toluene, 2-propanone, n-hexane, and 11-octane. The ternary mixture considered is toluene-chlorobenzene-bromobenzene. The published data are available at 35°C, 30°C, and 35°C and ambient pressure. Using the linear nonequilibi-ium thermodynainics (LNET) and the dissipation-phenomenological equation (DPE) approach, the effects of concentration, temperature, molecular weight, chain-length, solute, solvent, and branching on the degree of coupling are examined. The extent of coupling and the thermal diffusion ratio are expressed in terms of the transport coefficients to obtain a better understanding of the interactions between heat and mass flows in liquid mixtures. It is found that the compositioil of the heavy component bromobenzene changes the direction and magnitude of the two-flow coupling in the ternary mixture.