Date of this Version
Schroeder, Wheaton L. Creation and Application of Various Tools for the Reconstruction, Curation, and Analysis of Genome-Scale Models of Metabolism, Doctoral Dissertation, 2021. University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Systems biology uses mathematics tools, modeling, and analysis for holistic understanding and design of biological systems, allowing the investigation of metabolism and the generation of actionable hypotheses based on model analyses. Detailed here are several systems biology tools for model reconstruction, curation, analysis, and application through synthetic biology. The first, OptFill, is a holistic (whole model) and conservative (minimizing change) tool to aid in genome-scale model (GSM) reconstructions by filling metabolic gaps caused by lack of system knowledge. This is accomplished through Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP), one step of which may also be independently used as an additional curation tool. OptFill is applied to a GSM reconstruction of the melanized fungus Exophiala dermatitidis, which underwent various analyses investigating pigmentogenesis and similarity to human melanogenesis. Analysis suggest that carotenoids serve a currently unknown function in E. dermatitidis and that E. dermatitidis could serve as a model of human melanocytes for biomedical applications. Next, a new approach to dynamic Flux Balance Analysis (dFBA) is detailed, the Optimization- and Runge-Kutta- based Approach (ORKA). The ORKA is applied to the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana to show its ability to recreate in vivo observations. The analyzed model is more detailed than previous models, encompassing a larger time scale, modeling more tissues, and with higher accuracy. Finally, a pair of tools, the Eukaryotic Genetic Circuit Design (EuGeneCiD) and Modeling (EuGeneCiM) tools, is introduced which can aid in the design and modeling of synthetic biology applications hypothesized using systems biology. These tools bring a computational approach to synthetic biology, and are applied to Arabidopsis thaliana to design thousands of potential two-input genetic circuits which satisfy 27 different input and logic gate combinations. EuGeneCiM is further used to model a repressilator circuit. Efforts are ongoing to disseminate these tools to maximize their impact on the field of systems biology. Future research will include further investigation of E. dermatitidis through modeling and expanding my expertise to kinetic models of metabolism.
Advisor: Rajib Saha