Date of this Version
Molecules 2020, 25, 5128; doi:10.3390/molecules25215128 www.mdpi.com/journal/molecules
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a quantitative analytical tool commonly utilized for metabolomics analysis. Quantitative NMR (qNMR) is a field of NMR spectroscopy dedicated to the measurement of analytes through signal intensity and its linear relationship with analyte concentration. Metabolomics-based NMR exploits this quantitative relationship to identify and measure biomarkers within complex biological samples such as serum, plasma, and urine. In this review of quantitative NMR-based metabolomics, the advancements and limitations of current techniques for metabolite quantification will be evaluated as well as the applications of qNMR in biomedical metabolomics. While qNMR is limited by sensitivity and dynamic range, the simple method development, minimal sample derivatization, and the simultaneous qualitative and quantitative information provide a unique landscape for biomedical metabolomics, which is not available to other techniques. Furthermore, the non-destructive nature of NMR-based metabolomics allows for multidimensional analysis of biomarkers that facilitates unambiguous assignment and quantification of metabolites in complex biofluids.