Chemistry, Department of


Date of this Version



A THESIS Presented to the Faculty of The Graduate College at the University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements For the Degree of Master of Science, Major: Chemistry, Under the Supervision of Professor James M. Takacs. Lincoln, Nebraska: July, 2010
Coyright 2010 Judy L. Miska


Rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric hydroboration in conjunction with directing groups can be used control relative and absolute stereochemistry. Hydroboration has the potential to create new C–C, C–O, and C–N bonds from an intermediate C–B bond with retention of stereochemistry. Desymmetrization resulting in the loss of one or more symmetry elements can give rise to molecular chirality, i.e., the conversion of a prochiral molecule to one that is chiral. Unsaturated amides and esters hold the potential for two-point binding to the rhodium catalyst and have been shown to direct the regiochemistry and impact stereochemistry in asymmetric hydroborations of acyclic β,γ-unsaturated substrates. In the present study, the pendant amide functionality directs the hydroboration cis in the cyclic substrates studied; the corresponding ester substrates do so to a lesser extent. The enantioselectivity is determined by regioselective addition to the re or si site of the rhodium-complexed alkene. The effect of catalyst, ligand and borane on the observed diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity for a variety of cyclopentenyl ester and amide substrates is discussed.