Civil and Environmental Engineering


First Advisor

Dr. Jiong Hu

Date of this Version

Fall 2019


Abdigaliyev, A. (2019). Evaluation Of Internally Cured Bridge Deck Concrete With Standard And Optimized Aggregate Gradation (Master's Thesis). University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Omaha, USA


A THESIS Presented to the Faculty of The Graduate College at the University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements For the Degree of Master of Science, Major: Civil Engineering, Under the Supervision of Professor Jiong Hu. Lincoln, Nebraska: November, 2019

Copyright 2019 Arman Abdigaliyev


Due to the relatively high cement content and low water-to-cement ratio (w/c) used, bridge deck concrete is prone to premature cracking. Internal curing has been found to greatly reduce the chance of premature cracking as well as concrete deterioration. This research developed internally cured bridge deck concrete based on a local mix design in Nebraska. Four different lightweight fine aggregate (LWFA) as internal curing agents were evaluated and their effects on fresh, mechanical, durability, and shrinkage properties of concrete were studied. The study focused on resolving two issues associated with fine aggregate replacement based on Bentz equation. To identify the most effective LWFA dosage for shrinkage reduction, different replacement rates of fine aggregates (50%, 100%, 125%, 150% and 175%) were adopted to account for the moisture loss during construction and drying period. Aggregate blends of internally cured mixes were also optimized to account for the disturbed aggregate gradations due to the introduced LWFA. Overall performance of internally cured concrete mixes with both non-optimized and optimized gradations were evaluated. The research demonstrated that effective internal curing concrete can be achieved with the optimized aggregate gradation.

Advisor: Jiong Hu