Civil and Environmental Engineering


Date of this Version



Mojdeh & Jean-Louis, Cogent Engineering (2020), 7: 1735694


2020 The Author(s).


The tragic consequences of vehicles running into infrastructures have raised the need for perimeter protection. One common perimeter barrier is a set of piles or posts in an in-line geometry as an efficient way to contain or redirect errant vehicles. To date, the design of such barriers relies mostly on performing full-scale crash tests. These crash tests are expensive, and it is often practical to run such tests. In this paper, a general yet simple analysis-design model called TAMU-POST was developed to predict the response of a group of in-line piles impacted by a vehicle. TAMU-POST is based on the finite-difference solution to the governing differential equation for a beam supported by piles. The piles are represented by single degrees of freedom consisting of a dashpot, a lumped mass, a spring, and a slider. A large number of computer simulations using a non-linear finite element program LS-DYNA as well as the data obtained from two full-scale crash tests were used to calibrate the proposed model. The design quantities are the barrier deflection, the vehicle dynamic penetration defined as the maximum vehicle intru- sion into the barrier, as well as other parameters including the bending moment in the piles and in the beams. A Monte Carlo Simulation analysis was conducted using TAMU-POST to evaluate the probability of failure of a group of in-line piles under a given vehicular impact when considering the inherent uncertainties associated with the input parameters and the model coefficients.