Date of this Version
E3S Web of Conferences 205, 02004 (2020)
Geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) has pursued as a feasible strategy to store the large amount of CO2 to curb its emission to the atmosphere in an effort to mitigate the greenhouse effects. CO2 hydrate, which can form when the pressure and temperature satisfy its stability condition, can provide a self-trapping mechanism for an offshore CO2 geologic storage. For example, direct sequestration of CO2 in the form of hydrate cystals an be achieved in the storage zone an potentially provide a secondary caprock. These application, however, require a thorough understanding of the formation and dissociation of CO2 hydrates in porous media, which are largely unknown yet. In this manuscript, a laboratory study on the formation and dissociation of CO2 hydrates in two different environments, a two- (CO2-water) or three-phase (CO2-water in glass beads) condition, is presented. Based on the experimental results, it can be anticipated that the pressure and temperature change will be negligible when the formation of CO2 hydrate is induced for GCS in the actual soil/rock layers. Besides, the formation of CO2 hydrate in porous media may be faster, compared to the two-phase bulk condition that has been typically used in many laboratory studies, as solid grains help accelerate the hydrate formation by providing nucleus sites of crystals. Further elaborations on the role of solid grains would bring a clear path for the feasible application in the subsea area.