Civil and Environmental Engineering


Document Type


Date of this Version





Thin protonic ceramic electrolyte contributes to lower ohmic resistance and enhances electrochemical performance of protonic ceramic electrochemical cells. However, manufacturing of large-scale thin electrolyte remains a challenge. Wet powder spraying is an attractive technique to deposit <10 >μm thin electrolyte when advanced atomizing techniques and optimized spraying process are integrated. Here ultrasonic atomization is integrated in the wet powder spray technique to reduce the thickness of electrolyte. Moreover, a parametric study is conducted to optimize the wet powder spray process to deposit uniform and crack-free electrolyte film. It is illustrated that tuning of solid loading rates and spray passes can affect the morphology of the as-sprayed electrolyte film, enabling the structural compactness of the sintered electrolyte layer. To maintain chemical stability of the electrolyte layer during sintering, effect of sintering temperature is further investigated to produce a physically thin, structurally dense, and chemically homogeneous electrolyte layer. The protonic ceramic electrochemical cells fabricated with optimized spraying and sintering parameters demonstrate excellent performance under both fuel cell and electrolysis modes. In addition, the cells exhibit remarkable structural integrity during redox and long-term stability tests.