Civil and Environmental Engineering


Document Type


Date of this Version



Published (2023) Construction and Building Materials, 409, art. no. 133864


Used by permission.


Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) has gained a great deal of increasing interest in structural engineering applications, particularly where high ductility, strength, and high impact resistance are of prime concern. This study focuses primarily on the size effects ductility characteristics of UHPFRC with varying fiber concentrations subjected to uniaxial compressive load. It shows how to process the data from compression cylinder tests to extract the size-dependent strain at peak stress to provide a generic size-dependent stress-strain analytical model. Furthermore, a numerical flexural segmental moment-rotation approach is applied to incorporate an analytical model to quantify apparently disparate UHPFRC member strength and ductility. Tests have shown that it is not the enhancement in the material concrete compressive strength but the phenomenal brittle ductility nature, observed as a result of increasing the slenderness of the specimen; in contrast, a substantial increase in ductility was achieved after crushing of concrete due to the addition of fibers. A size-dependent analytical approach has estimated good fit with the experimental and other published results. Finally, numerical simulation using a segmental approach at the ultimate limit state of rotation dealing with flexural ductility is significantly influenced by the increase in slenderness factor of the specimens and fiber concentrations.