Materials and Nanoscience, Nebraska Center for (NCMN)


Date of this Version



Published in J. Appl. Phys. 81 (8), 15 April 1997. © 1997 American Institute of Physics. Used by permission.


For the Nd2Fe14B (2-14-1) compound, the optimal grain size should be smaller than the size of the single domain size of 150 nm. Transition metal carbides (TMC) also reduce the quench rate necessary to achieve the optimal or overquenched condition. This allows inert gas atomization (IGA) to produce viable magnetic materials. In this article we will demonstrate that optimal microstructure for the 2-14-1 can be produced by IGA with the addition of TiC. Moreover, a solidification model will be presented to show (1) how recalescence is a critical feature to the evolution of the microstructure in rapidly solidified materials and (2) the role TMC and other solute phases have on inhibiting grain growth so that lower quench rates can be employed.