Computer Science and Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, Volume 7 Issue 2, June 2012


The term cognitive radio (CR), originally coined in the late 1990s, envisaged a radio that is aware of its operational environment so that it can dynamically and autonomously adjust its radio-operating parameters to accordingly adapt to the different situations. Cognition is achieved through the so-called cognitive cycle, consisting of the observation of the environment, the orientation and planning that leads to making appropriate decisions in accordance with specific operation goals, and finally, the execution of these decisions (e.g., access to the appropriate channel). Decisions can be reinforced by learning procedures based on the past observations and the corresponding results of prior actuations.