Computer Science and Engineering, Department of


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Published in IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, VOL. 15, NO. 7, JULY 1993, pp. 737-747. Copyright 1993 IEEE. Used by permission.


Alternating horizontal and vertical projection profiles are extracted from nested sub-blocks of scanned page images of technical documents. The thresholded profile strings are parsed using the compiler utilities Lex and Yacc. The significant document components are demarcated and identified by the recursive application of block grammars. Backtracking for error recovery and branch and bound for maximum-area labeling are implemented with Unix Shell programs. Results of the segmentation and labeling process are stored in a labeled X-Y tree. It is shown that families of technical documents that share the same layout conventions can be readily analyzed. More than 20 types of document entities can be identified in sample pages from the IBM Journal of Research and Development and IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE. Potential applications include preprocessors for optical character recognition, document archival, and digital reprographics.