Children, Youth, Families & Schools, Nebraska Center for Research on


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Published in Urban Review 40 (2008), pp. 403–419; doi: 10.1007/s11256-008-0086-x Copyright © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Used by permission.


Like the African proverb, “It takes a village to raise a child,” many educational researchers charge that it takes a comprehensive school reform to raise student achievement. With the passing of the No Child Left Behind legislation in 2002, national officials authorized the Comprehensive School Reform program to support low performing schools as they struggled to improve student achievement. As a result of this national effort, an increase in implementation of comprehensive school reforms is occurring in schools serving predominantly diverse student populations in urban areas. Therefore, this article explores the framework of comprehensive school reforms and challenges stakeholders to do their homework by investigating whether the school reform allows for the implementation of culturally responsive educational experiences for students.