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Growth, Characterization and Simulation of Tungsten Selenide Thin Films for Photovoltaic Applications
An excellent candidate for an earth abundant absorber material is tungsten selenide (WSe2) which can be directly grown as a p-type semiconductor with a band gap value that matches well the solar spectrum. Although several fabrication methods were reported, further improvement is highly needed to make high quality WSe2 films. In addition, the numerical modelling of WSe2 solar devices is highly desired to assess the overall utility of the material. In this work, the growth and characterization of tungsten selenide thin films are investigated, as well simulations of homo- and hetero-junction devices. In the first part, the growth and characterization of WSe2 films has been studied. By means of selenization of tungsten films in a closed tube in a single-zone furnace, highly c-axis orientated P-type WSe2 thin films with a large carrier mobility have been grown. In the second part, multiple sets of simulations of the WSe2 solar cell devices are carried out by using PC1D software. Both WSe2 homo-junction devices and hetero-junction devices with an AZO window layer present high efficiency values, over 20%, at several tens of ns carrier lifetime of the absorber layer. This is in large part due to the very high absorption coefficient of WSe2 thin films.
Ma, Qinglei, "Growth, Characterization and Simulation of Tungsten Selenide Thin Films for Photovoltaic Applications" (2016). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI10101136.