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Generalized Ellipsometry on Complex Nanostructures and Low-Symmetry Materials
In this thesis, complex anisotropic materials are investigated and characterized by generalized ellipsometry. In recent years, anisotropic materials have gained considerable interest for novel applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices, mostly due to unique properties that originate from reduced crystal symmetry. Examples include white solid-state lighting devices which have become ubiquitous just recently, and the emergence of high-power, high-voltage electronic transistors and switches in all-electric vehicles. The incorporation of single crystalline material with low crystal symmetry into novel device structures requires reconsideration of existing optical characterization approaches. Here, the generalized ellipsometry concept is extended to include applications for materials with monoclinic and triclinic symmetries. A model eigendielectric displacement vector approach is developed, described and utilized to characterize monoclinic materials. Materials are investigated in spectral regions spanning from the far-infrared to the vacuum ultraviolet. Examples are demonstrated for phonon mode determination in cadmium tungstate and yttrium silicate and for band-to-band transitions in gallia (β-Ga2O3) single crystals. Furthermore, the anisotropic optical properties of an emerging class of spatially coherent heterostructure materials with nanostructure dimensions are investigated. The so-called anisotropic effective medium approximation for slanted columnar thin films is extended to the concept of slanted columnar heterostructure thin films as well as core-shell heterostructure thin films. Examples include the determination of band-to-band transitions, phonon modes and oxidation properties of cobalt-oxide core shell structures and gas-liquid-solid distribution during controlled adsorption of organic solvents in silicon slanted columnar thin films.
Condensed matter physics|Optics|Materials science
Mock, Alyssa Lynn, "Generalized Ellipsometry on Complex Nanostructures and Low-Symmetry Materials" (2017). ETD collection for University of Nebraska-Lincoln. AAI10683181.