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An Initial Investigation of the Social Contextual Model of Sexual Violence Perpetration (SCM-SVP): The Effects of Sexual Violence Exposure on Sexual Aggression in Men

Sarah R Eagan, University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Abstract

Sexual violence (SV) is a major public health crisis that is a form of gendered violence, where women are typically victimized, and men are disproportionately perpetrators. Researchers have investigated ways to reduce perpetration by better understanding predictors of perpetration, such as with the Confluence Model of Sexual Aggression. However, these models mostly focus on individual risk factors and less commonly on social-contextual risk factors that are ever present in patriarchal societies. The Social Contextual Model of Sexual Violence Perpetration (SCM-SVP) seeks to fill this gap in the current literature. This dissertation provides an initial investigation into the SCM-SVP model. Specifically, the study uses cross-sectional data to investigate if exposure to SV may predict SV perpetration. It also examines if internalization of rape supportive norms serves as a mediator and endorsement of masculine gender role norms (Power over women, Playboy, and Heterosexual-self-presentation) as a moderator. Consistent with hypotheses, SV exposure predicted SV perpetration. Inconsistent with hypotheses, rape myth acceptance did not emerge as a mediator of this relation, but conformity to masculine norms did moderate the connection between some forms of SV exposure and SV perpetration, consistent with hypotheses. This study provided mixed preliminary support for the SCM-SCP model. The insights from this study could provide the foundation for a new theoretical model that researchers can use to investigate mechanisms underlying SV perpetration as well as inform new interventions to prevent SV.

Subject Area

Social psychology|Cognitive psychology|Womens studies|Sexuality|Gender studies|Criminology

Recommended Citation

Eagan, Sarah R, "An Initial Investigation of the Social Contextual Model of Sexual Violence Perpetration (SCM-SVP): The Effects of Sexual Violence Exposure on Sexual Aggression in Men" (2022). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI29323496.
https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/dissertations/AAI29323496

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